The traditional vibes and historical essence of the Pink City attracts me a lot. My journey took me to the symbolic landmark of Jaipur. Close your eyes for a while and think about Jaipur, you’ll see Hawa Mahal for sure. This is the reason I mark Hawa Mahal – “The Palace of Winds”, a “symbolic architecture” of Jaipur.
Hawa Mahal is located between the hustle and bustle of Choti Chopad and Badi Chopad which is completely messed due to the metro construction. This landmark was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of the Kachhwaha Rajput Dynasty. Hawa Mahal is the tallest building in the world without any foundation. It shows the architectural art in Rajput era.
This five storey building is decorated with 953 windows which called as Jharokhas in Rajasthani language. Some windows are made of woods.
Rajput women were refrained to enter in public places due to the Pardah system so the king built this monument to felicitate them. From these windows, women used to see the daily happenings and Royal processions on the streets. This gesture as freedom of women despite following the customs was a welcome step in that era.
Each window has a small chamber where you can sit and see the happenings of the city. Fountains are complemented at the middle of each chamber for the cooling effect of the chambers.
Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh was a devotee of Lord Krishna and the structure has been designed in the shape of a crown of Lord Krishna.
Hawa Mahal is the pure and remarkable landmark of Rajput style of architecture. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh was impressed with the Khetri Mahal which is located in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan. He took an inspiration from Khetri Mahal and constructed a most beautiful landmark in the history of Rajput architecture.
The architect was Lal Chand Ustad who designed this five-storied pyramidal building. The architecture is the fusion of Hindu Rajput architecture and Islamic Mughal architecture. Jaipur is known as the pink city because most of the monument have used pink and red sandstones in the architecture and the Hawa Mahal is one of them.
The façade of the building is decorated with resembling of the honeycomb of a beehive. Various potholes of the monument have small lattice windows (Jharokhas) with the domes. The windows are carved in such manner that air naturally circulates through the windows and it does the air condition the whole monument even in the hot summers.
The monument encloses a large courtyard with having three two-stories and Hawa Mahal is located on the eastern side. In these three stories, one has a single room and two have the courtyard. The interior side of the palace also consists of passages and pillar which lead to the top storey.
You’ll be surprised to know, there are no stairs to reach at the top. Top storeys can be reached with the use of ramps.
How to reach
Jaipur International Airport is the nearest airport. Take a cab to reach there. Hawa Mahal is not so far from the Jaipur Junction. You can take a city bus or auto rickshaw to reach.
Best time to visit
Winters are the best time to visit Pink City. This is time where you can enjoy the vibes of tradition and the culture. Rajasthan Tourism also organise some special events during the winter season.